INVASION June 1863: Part 2
Early Gettysburg History
Sarah "Sallie" Middleton Robbins Broadhead
(Dec 11, 1831 - Mar 21, 1910-31 years old during battle)
Teacher and author of
The Diary of a Lady of Gettysburg, Pennsylvania
from June 15 to July 15 1863
Denise is married with four children, five cats, and two dogs. She has been a reenactor and living historian since she was a child, and has always had a unique and deep love for Gettysburg. Her special interest lies in the civilian and women’s perspective of the battle and its aftermath,which was also the focus of her college thesis.
Denise hopes to continue preserving history and educating others about the Civil War, particularly the Battle of Gettysburg, which has which has become my biggest passion and life’s work.
(Mar 17 1825-Dec 26 1893)
Jacob, a resident of Chambersburg and author of
The Great Invasion of 1863: The Battle of Gettysburg, General Lee in Pennsylvania
His account is regarded as one of the best and most "complete and trustworthy" record of events leading up to and including
the battle of Gettysburg
Bob Steenstra has been a Licensed Battlefield Guide at Gettysburg National Military Park since 1991. He is the co-host of Addressing Gettysburg. In 2017 Bob retired from teaching history after 38 years. He has acted in three plays with his lovely daughter, Kelly. twice having the honor of playing her father; once in the Sound of Music and also in Spider's Web. He also played Fagin in Oliver where she appeared as Bet.
Matilda J. "Tillie" (Pierce) Alleman
(Mar 11, 1848-Mar 15, 1914-15 years old during the battle)
Author of At Gettysburg, or What a Girl Saw and Heard of the Battle
Pearle Shannon is an actor and director based in New York City. After graduating from The New York Conservatory for Dramatic Arts in 2019 she became involved with “Addressing Gettysburg” and now proudly calls it her voice acting and directing debut. Playing Tillie Pierce and directing Matt, Pearle is always excited when she gets to record (and inevitably re-record) episodes. Working on the story of Gettysburg always brings her back to her home. Being a reenactor herself, she is grateful to spend time in Gettysburg with her wonderful family, adopted family, and good friends. Catch her in the upcoming short film “Across”, and check out her website at www.pearleshannon.com
Shortly after graduating from Jefferson College in Canonsburg, PA, Michael began teaching at the Gettysburg Gymnasium, which would later become The Pennsylvania College in 1832, where he was elected professor of Mathematics, Chemistry and Natural Philosophy. The following year, Professor Jacobs married Julia M. Eyster.
M. Keith Harris is the host of The Rogue Historian podcast. His work focuses on nineteenth and twentieth-century American history with a special emphasis on the Civil War, Reconstruction, historical memory, the Progressive Era, and national Reconciliation.
He teaches history at a private high school in Los Angeles.
You can find him online at keithharrishistory.com
Sarah Ann Barrett King (
Local Gettysburg Businesses
43-45 Chambersburg Street lived John and Martha McAllitster Scott. The property consisted of a residence, a tenant house, a store and a brewery. Mary McAllister (Martha's Sister) sold groceries out of the store. Their son Hugh Scott was the town telegraph operator
Charles J. and Issac G. Tyson opened the "Excelsior Skylight Gallery" a photography studio on the North East Corner of "The Diamond" in 1859. They later moved their shop to 9 York Street, adjacent to the Wills House.
Originally operated as a tavern until it was purchased by Samuel Fahnestock, the building at 47 Baltimore Street was converted to a large general Store and later operated by his 3 sons, Edward, James & Henry.
The building at 23 Chambersburg St. was a candy shop operated by Philip D. Winters. Popular with the local youth who had a fondness for calling Mr. Winters "Petey", a nickname he was not partial to.
Gettysburg's Educational Institutions
The Gettysburg Academy, built in 1813-14, was the first publicly funded school in Adams County.
After the Academy developed financial difficulties, the building became the birthplace of the Lutheran Theological Seminary at Gettysburg (1826) and Pennsylvania (Gettysburg) College (1832).
At the time of the battle, the structure housed the Gettysburg Female Institute, operated by Mrs. Rebecca Eyster
331 Buford Ave - The house where Miss Carrie Sheads was the principal of the Oak Ridge Female Seminary during the time of the battle, just a few hundred yard away from the fighting on July 1, 1863
Early Gettysburg Newspapers
An excellent (and free!) resource to explore these early Gettysburg newspapers can be found at the
Pennsylvania Newspaper Archive
Pennsylvania Newspaper Archive
The Railroad in Gettysburg
The Gettysburg Railroad Station opened in 1858. This line of the Pennsylvania Railroad which extended from Hanover had its terminus in Gettysburg. The westward extension was planned and graded, making cuts in the ridges outside of town.
Slave's Refuge Society
The free black community of Gettysburg grew over the early decades of the 19th Century. The hub of the African-American community was on South Washington Street. In 1837 Daniel Alexander Payne started the first African-American church in Gettysburg which would later become St. Paul A.M.E. Zion Church. In 1841, 4 members of this congregation would form the Slaves' Refuge Society
invasion of Pennsylvania
"It was just before the Battle of Gettysburg and our regiment was camped on the suburbs of a pretty Pennsylvania town. A stream was near the camp, and one afternoon I suggested to some of the boys in my company that we take a bath and a swim. They took to the idea, and likewise to the water, in quick time. There were no in the houses in the immediate vicinity, except for one on a hillside about half a mile away belonging to an old spinster lady.
“We had been swimming for a while when a boy trudged into camp in search of the captain. He had a note from the old maid, which read:
'Dear sir : I wish you would order your men out of the stream. I can see them plainly through my brother’s field glasses!'"
Trent Walker is an award winning actor originally from Knoxville Tennessee. He has studied acting with some of the world’s greatest teachers including Uta Hagen, Sandy Dennis, Lorrie and Diane Hull and Cloris Leachman. His skills have found him acting in big budget features such as “Demolition Man,” “Gettysburg” and “Gods and Generals” and he has over 75 film and television credits to his name. Trent lives in Hollywood, California and when he isn’t on a set, he writes and produces original works for film and television, and is a recording artist on Comanche Records.
You can find his album “Absolutely” on streaming services and follow him on Instagram: trentwalker_actor